AZTEC CALENDAR - MAYAN CALENDAR - TZOLKIN and HAAB CALENDAR
$49.50 USD / Sold Out
Pendant made of bronze. 100 % HANDMADE! Top grade.
Pendant " Aztec calendar " size: 2.24" (5.6cm) x 1.68" (4.2cm) x 0.28" (0.7см).
The Aztec calendar is the calendar system that was used by the Aztecs as well as other Pre-Columbian peoples of central Mexico.
It is one of the Mesoamerican calendars, sharing the basic structure of calendars from throughout ancient Mesoamerica.
The calendar consisted of a 365-day calendar cycle called xiuhpohualli (year count) and a 260-day ritual cycle called tonalpohualli (day count). These two cycles together formed a 52-year "century," sometimes called the "calendar round". The xiuhpohualli is considered to be the agricultural calendar, since it is based on the sun, and the tonalpohualli is considered to be the sacred calendar.
There are two Aztec Calendars, the 365-day solar calendar, the xiuhpohualli, and the sacred calendar, the tonalpohualli. Tonalpohualli: The sacred calendar, the tonalpohualli divides the year and assigns each segment to be ruled over by a certain god. The tradition in Aztec mythology that the gods are constantly warring is honored by this calendar system. By giving a different section of the year, as well as different social groups, ect., the gods are kept from going to war and destroying the universe. Like the tradition of sacrifice, this calendar is another way for humans to do their part to prevent the universe from being destroyed. The tonalpohualli is a 260-day calendar, divided into twenty months, called trecenas, of thirteen days. Each trecena is ruled over by a different god. The priests used this calendar to determine lucky days for planting crops, building houses and going to war. Xiuhpohualli: The 365-day solar calendar, divided into 18 months of 20 days. Each month is divided into four five-day weeks. The five leftover days were considered unlucky days, called nemontemi. The Aztec rituals and sacrifices were governed by this calendar. the aztec calendar, aztec calendar symbols, aztec calendar facts, how to read the aztec calendar, aztec sun calendar, aztec calendar information, aztec calendar art, calendar aztec, aztec calendar pendant, aztec and mayan calendar, aztec mayan calendar, aztec calendar symbols and meanings, the aztecs calendar, mexican aztec calendar, mayan aztec calendar, mayan calendar, mayan civilization, mayan gods, mayan art, mayan religion, mayan culture, mayan symbols, mayan number system, mayan calender, mayan artifacts, mayan alphabet, mayan mythology, mayan sun god, mayans calendar, mayan myths, mayan calendar pendant, mexico ancient civilizations, mesoamerican calendars, the sacred calendar, tzolkin mayan, the tzolkin, Haab calendars.